http://www.tsunamiwave.info/

Last Checked: Jan 10, 2018, 17:00 EST

IP Address: 213.167.231.2
ASN #: AS29169 GANDI-AS Domain name registrar - http://www.gandi.net, FR
Location: , , FR
URL Reputation:
  • Unknown This URL is not identified as malicious in the SafeBrowsing Database.
  • Unknown This URL is not identified as malicious in the PhishTank Database.
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Other submissions on 213.167.231.2:

                               Domain Name: TSUNAMIWAVE.INFO
Registry Domain ID: D6137649-LRMS
Registrar WHOIS Server:
Registrar URL: https://www.gandi.net/whois
Updated Date: 2017-06-09T08:54:14Z
Creation Date: 2004-08-24T11:31:24Z
Registry Expiry Date: 2018-08-24T11:31:24Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date:
Registrar: Gandi SAS
Registrar IANA ID: 81
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@support.gandi.net
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +33.170377661
Reseller:
Domain Status: ok https://icann.org/epp#ok
Registry Registrant ID: C18449686-LRMS
Registrant Name: Mark Van Crombrugge
Registrant Organization: UNESCO/IOC Project Office for IODE
Registrant Street: Wandelaarkaai 7
Registrant City: Oostende
Registrant State/Province:
Registrant Postal Code: 8400
Registrant Country: BE
Registrant Phone: +32.59340162
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +33.1
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: fc023a65f029730ac55c0022b5842928-381406@contact.gandi.net
Registry Admin ID: C18449686-LRMS
Admin Name: Mark Van Crombrugge
Admin Organization: UNESCO/IOC Project Office for IODE
Admin Street: Wandelaarkaai 7
Admin City: Oostende
Admin State/Province:
Admin Postal Code: 8400
Admin Country: BE
Admin Phone: +32.59340162
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +33.1
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: fc023a65f029730ac55c0022b5842928-381406@contact.gandi.net
Registry Tech ID: C18449686-LRMS
Tech Name: Mark Van Crombrugge
Tech Organization: UNESCO/IOC Project Office for IODE
Tech Street: Wandelaarkaai 7
Tech City: Oostende
Tech State/Province:
Tech Postal Code: 8400
Tech Country: BE
Tech Phone: +32.59340162
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax: +33.1
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: fc023a65f029730ac55c0022b5842928-381406@contact.gandi.net
Registry Billing ID: C18449686-LRMS
Billing Name: Mark Van Crombrugge
Billing Organization: UNESCO/IOC Project Office for IODE
Billing Street: Wandelaarkaai 7
Billing City: Oostende
Billing State/Province:
Billing Postal Code: 8400
Billing Country: BE
Billing Phone: +32.59340162
Billing Phone Ext:
Billing Fax: +33.1
Billing Fax Ext:
Billing Email: fc023a65f029730ac55c0022b5842928-381406@contact.gandi.net
Name Server: C.DNS.GANDI.NET
Name Server: B.DNS.GANDI.NET
Name Server: A.DNS.GANDI.NET
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN Whois Inaccuracy Complaint Form: https://www.icann.org/wicf/
>>> Last update of WHOIS database: 2018-01-10T21:59:31Z <<<

For more information on Whois status codes, please visit https://icann.org/epp

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					<!-- JSN IMAGESHOW PRO STANDARD 4.8.7 - Theme Classic 1.3.3 --><div class="jsn-container"><div class="jsn-gallery"><div style="max-width:100%; margin: 0 auto;"><div id="jsn-themeclassic-jsgallery-QmujJ"><div id="jsn-themeclassic-galleria-QmujJ"><div class="galleria-container notouch" style="width: 590px; height: 225px;"><div class="galleria-stage" style="top: 0px; bottom: 0px; left: 0px; right: 0px;"><div class="galleria-images" style="position: relative; top: 0px; left: 0px; width: 100%; height: 100%;"><div class="galleria-image" style="overflow: hidden; position: absolute; top: 0px; left: 0px; opacity: 0; transition: none 0s ease 0s; z-index: 0;"><div class="galleria-layer" style="position: absolute; top: 0px; left: 0px; right: 0px; bottom: 0px; z-index: 2;"></div></div><div class="galleria-image" style="overflow: hidden; position: absolute; top: 0px; left: 0px; opacity: 1; width: 590px; height: 225px; transition: none 0s ease 0s; z-index: 1;"><div class="galleria-layer" style="position: absolute; top: 0px; left: 0px; right: 0px; bottom: 0px; z-index: 2; display: none;"></div><img style="display: block; opacity: 1; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; max-width: none; max-height: none; width: 590px; height: 245px; position: absolute; top: -10px; left: 0px; cursor: pointer;" src="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/images/stories/WTAD/UNDP_SchoolDrill_signs_screenshot.jpg" width="590" height="245"></div></div><div class="galleria-loader" style="display: none; opacity: 0.4;"></div><div class="galleria-counter" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; opacity: 0; transition: none 0s ease 0s;"><span class="galleria-current">1</span> / <span class="galleria-total">18</span></div><div class="galleria-image-nav"><div class="galleria-image-nav-right" style="right: -50px; transition: none 0s ease 0s;"></div><div class="galleria-image-nav-left" style="left: -50px; transition: none 0s ease 0s;"></div></div></div><div class="galleria-thumbnails-container" style="display: none;"><div class="galleria-thumb-nav-left disabled"></div><div class="galleria-thumbnails-list" style="overflow: hidden; position: relative;"><div class="galleria-thumbnails" style="overflow: hidden; position: relative; margin: auto; width: 0px; height: 0px; left: auto;"></div></div><div class="galleria-thumb-nav-right disabled"></div></div><div class="galleria-info" style="display: block;"><div class="galleria-info-text" style="display: block;"><div class="galleria-info-title" style="display: none;"></div><div class="galleria-info-description">Signs of a Tsunami. &nbsp;If you feel, see, or hear a tsunami, evacuate quickly to high ground.</div><div class="galleria-info-image-link" style="display: none;"></div></div><div class="galleria-info-link" style="display: none;"></div><div class="galleria-info-close" style="display: none;"></div></div><div class="galleria-tooltip" style="opacity: 0;"></div></div></div></div></div>
<script type="text/javascript">jsnThemeClassicjQuery(function() {jsnThemeClassicjQuery("#jsn-themeclassic-galleria-QmujJ").galleria({autoplay:6000,thumbnails: false,showImagenav: true,pauseOnInteraction: false,showInfo: true,infoPanelShowTitle: true,infoPanelShowDescription: true,popupLinks:true,imageClickAction:true,showImageLink:false,loop:true,thumbHeight:50,thumbPosition:"bottom",imageCrop: true,informationPanelClickAction:false,height:225, initialTransition: "fade", transition: "slide", thumbCrop: false, thumbFit: false, thumbQuality: false, showCounter: false, imageTimeout: 300000});});</script><div class="jsn-themeclassic-seocontent">
<div><p>ITIC Homepage Slideshow</p><p></p><ul><li><p>Signs of a Tsunami. &nbsp;If you feel, see, or hear a tsunami, evacuate quickly to high ground.</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/images/stories/WTAD/UNDP_SchoolDrill_signs_screenshot.jpg">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/images/stories/WTAD/UNDP_SchoolDrill_signs_screenshot.jpg</a></p></li><li><p>World Tsunami Awareness Day 2017 aligns with the International Day for Disaster Reduction and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction Campaign. For 2017, the aim is to reduce the number of affected people globally by disasters.</p><p><a href="http://www.unesco.org/new/en/tsunami-day">http://www.unesco.org/new/en/tsunami-day</a></p></li><li><p>UNISDR Infographic. &nbsp; Key Facts</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/images/stories/WTAD/UNISDR_WTAD_Infrographic_screenshot.jpg">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/images/stories/WTAD/UNISDR_WTAD_Infrographic_screenshot.jpg</a></p></li><li><p>UNDP-ITIC Infographic - Conducting a School Drill</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/images/stories/WTAD/UNISDR_WTAD_Infrographic_drill_screenshot.jpg">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/images/stories/WTAD/UNISDR_WTAD_Infrographic_drill_screenshot.jpg</a></p></li><li><p>Tsunami Awareness Poster - English, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Singalese and French.</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1327&amp;Itemid=2406&amp;lang=en">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1327&amp;Itemid=2406&amp;lang=en</a></p></li><li><p>Surviving a Tsunami - Lessons from Chile, Hawaii, and Japan - UPDATE: English 2014 version.&nbsp;</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1333&amp;Itemid=2313&amp;lang=en">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1333&amp;Itemid=2313&amp;lang=en</a></p></li><li><p></p><div>Global Hazard Maps - Tsunami sources, significant earthquakes and significant volcanic eruptions map posters. (English)</div><p></p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1672&amp;catid=1075&amp;Itemid=1075&amp;lang=en">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1672&amp;catid=1075&amp;Itemid=1075&amp;lang=en</a></p></li><li><p>BOOKLET: &nbsp;Tsunami, The Great Waves</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1169&amp;Itemid=2017">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1169&amp;Itemid=2017</a></p></li><li><p>PROJECT: &nbsp;Oahu Historical Tsunami Photos Project. &nbsp;Preserving Hawaii's tsunami history and heritage.</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1989&amp;Itemid=2768">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1989&amp;Itemid=2768</a></p></li><li><p>POSTER: &nbsp;Tsunami in Hawaii</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1436&amp;Itemid=1436">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1436&amp;Itemid=1436</a></p></li><li><p>POSTER: &nbsp;Hawaii Historical Tsunami Effects (1812-2015)</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1436&amp;Itemid=1436">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1436&amp;Itemid=1436</a></p></li><li><p>Tsunami Travel Times to Hawaii</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1625&amp;Itemid=2692">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1625&amp;Itemid=2692</a></p></li><li><p>VIDEO: &nbsp;Great East Japan Tsunami 2011</p><p><a href="https://vimeo.com/itic/japan_tsunami_2011">https://vimeo.com/itic/japan_tsunami_2011</a></p></li><li><p></p><div style="text-align: start;">PTWS 50th Book - Documenting the Pacific Tsunami Warning System (1965-2015): A Half-Century of Protecting the Pacific.<br></div><p></p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1941:ptws-50th-book&amp;catid=1075&amp;Itemid=2633">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1941:ptws-50th-book&amp;catid=1075&amp;Itemid=2633</a></p></li><li><p>VIDEO: &nbsp;PTWS Tsunami Warning</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1942:ptws-tsunami-warning-video&amp;catid=1075:awareness-a-education&amp;Itemid=2634">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1942:ptws-tsunami-warning-video&amp;catid=1075:awareness-a-education&amp;Itemid=2634</a></p></li><li><p>Tsunami Glossary - Defines technical tsunami terms. (Arabic, Bahasa, English, French, Spanish).</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1328&amp;Itemid=1142&amp;lang=en">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1328&amp;Itemid=1142&amp;lang=en</a></p></li><li><p>Where the First Waves Arrive in Minutes - Lessons from eyewitness accounts of the tsunamis in 2004 and 2006.</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1678&amp;Itemid=1075&amp;lang=en">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1678&amp;Itemid=1075&amp;lang=en</a></p></li><li><p>VIDEO: TsunamiTeacher USA - Learn the basics of tsunamis. (English, Samoan).</p><p><a href="http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1755&amp;Itemid=2420&amp;lang=en">http://itic.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1755&amp;Itemid=2420&amp;lang=en</a></p></li></ul></div></div>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">NOVEMBER 5 IS WORLD TSUNAMI AWARENESS DAY, 2017</span></strong></span></td>
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<p><span style="color: #323333;"><span style="color: #323333;"></span></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #323333;"><img src="images/stories/WTAD/wtad-banner-2017.jpg" alt="wtad banner 2017" style="display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; margin-bottom: 20px;" width="550" height="127"><span style="color: #323333;"><span><span><span><span><span>The United Nations designated November 5 as World Tsunami Awareness Day. &nbsp;The day aligns with the International Day for Disaster Reduction (October 13) and the 7 targets of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction Campaign.&nbsp;</span></span><span>For 2017, the aim is to <em>reduce the number of affected people globally by disasters (<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2dMYR-YIOpU" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="WTAD - 2017 UNISDR video">video</a>)</em>. &nbsp;In 2016,&nbsp;theme was&nbsp;<em>effective education</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>evacuation drills (<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8K9GGJSqeGA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="WTAD - 2017 UNISDR video">video</a>)&nbsp;</em>as the key preparedness activities that will save lives from tsunamis.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span><br></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #323333;"><img src="images/stories/WTAD/TsunamiDrill_poster_A3_thumbnail.png" alt="TsunamiDrill poster A3 thumbnail" style="margin: 5px 15px 5px 5px; float: left;" width="200" height="283">Tsunamis have no seasons and they can occur at any time and anywhere - it could be tomorrow, or it could be a 100 of years from now. &nbsp;But, when a tsunami does visit, it can attack in minutes if it is local. &nbsp;Over history, 90% of the deaths have been caused by local tsunamis. &nbsp;So, communities must always &nbsp;be Tsunami Ready (<a href="https://www.weather.gov/tsunamiready/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="USA&nbsp;TsunamiReady®">USA&nbsp;TsunamiReady®</a></span><span style="color: #323333;">, <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2234&amp;Itemid=2758" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Tsunami Ready - International">International</a>), and know what to do and where to evacuate to.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #323333;">World Tsunami Awareness Day links</span></p>
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<li><a href="http://www.unisdr.org/2017/tsunamiday/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="WTAD - UNISDR">UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction</a> (UNISDR). UNISDR facilitates World Tsunami Awareness Day within the United Nations system.</li>
<li><a href="http://www.unesco.org/new/en/tsunami-day" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="WTAD - UNESCO">United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization</a> (UNESCO). UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) coordinates the global tsunami warning and coordination system.</li>
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<li>United Nations Development Program (<a href="http://www.asia-pacific.undp.org/content/rbap/en/home/SchoolTsunamiPreparedness.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="UNDP School Tsunami Preparedness and Drills">UNDP</a>). &nbsp;<img src="images/stories/WTAD/TSUNAMI_READY_community_2_20170606_samoan_IOCwhite_final.png" alt="TSUNAMI READY community 2 20170606 samoan IOCwhite final" style="margin: 10px 20px 5px 5px; float: right;" width="180" height="180">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The&nbsp;<a href="http://www.asia-pacific.undp.org/content/rbap/en/home/SchoolTsunamiPreparedness.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="UNDP School Tsunami Preparedness and Drills">UNDP School Tsunami Preparedness and Evacuation Drills</a>&nbsp;Project is supporting school drills in 18 countries in the Asia-Pacific region.&nbsp;Click to download&nbsp;<a href="images/stories/WTAD/TsunamiDrill_poster_A3.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Tsunami Drill Poster">TSUNAMI DRILL</a>&nbsp;poster.</li>
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<div style="padding-left: 2em;">-&nbsp;<a href="http://www.asia-pacific.undp.org/content/rbap/en/home/SchoolTsunamiPreparedness/indonesia/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="School Drills, Indonesia">Indonesia, August 15</a></div>
<div style="padding-left: 2em;">-&nbsp;<a href="http://www.asia-pacific.undp.org/content/rbap/en/home/SchoolTsunamiPreparedness/vietnam/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="School Drills, Vietnam">Vietnam, September 20</a></div>
<div style="padding-left: 2em;">-&nbsp;<a href="http://www.asia-pacific.undp.org/content/rbap/en/home/SchoolTsunamiPreparedness/maldives/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="School Drills, Maldives">Maldives, September 24</a></div>
<div style="padding-left: 2em;">-&nbsp;<a href="http://www.asia-pacific.undp.org/content/rbap/en/home/SchoolTsunamiPreparedness/tonga/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="School Drills, Tonga">Tonga, October 16</a></div>
<div style="padding-left: 2em;">-&nbsp;<a href="http://www.asia-pacific.undp.org/content/rbap/en/home/SchoolTsunamiPreparedness/samoa/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="School Drills, Samoa">Samoa, October 12</a></div>
<div style="padding-left: 2em;">-&nbsp;<a href="http://www.asia-pacific.undp.org/content/rbap/en/home/SchoolTsunamiPreparedness/solomon/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="School Drills, Solomon Islands">Solomons, October 18</a></div>
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<li><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;id=2234&amp;Itemid=2758" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Tsunami Ready International">Tsunami Ready - International</a>. &nbsp;TR-I is a UNESCO IOC&nbsp;performance-based community&nbsp;recognition pilot aimed at building community readiness through preparedness, mitigation, and response planning. &nbsp;</li>
<li><a href="https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/november-5-world-tsunami-awareness-day" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="WTAD - NOAA NCEI">US NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information</a> (NCEI)</li>
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<p><img src="images/stories/WTAD/TsuRegLocal-1980_NCEI-ITIC_2017.png" alt="TsuRegLocal 1980 NCEI ITIC 2017" style="margin-left: 10px; float: right;" width="260" height="449"></p>
<p>Tsunamis are among Earth's most infrequent hazards, but when they do hit they can cause major damage to coastal communities. Globally, 70% of the confirmed tsunami sources have been in the Pacific Ocean, 15% in the Mediterranean Sea, 9% in the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, and 6% Indian Ocean. Most were generated by earthquakes and by earthquakes-triggered landslides.<img src="images/stories/WTAD/TsuGlobalDist_NCEI-ITIC-2017.png" alt="TsuGlobalDist NCEI ITIC 2017" style="margin-right: 10px; margin-top: 5px; float: left;" width="300" height="227"></p>
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<p><img src="images/stories/WTAD/TsuGenDist_NCEI-ITIC_2017.png" alt="TsuGenDist NCEI ITIC 2017" style="margin-right: 40px; margin-left: 80px; margin-top: 10px; float: left;" width="180" height="294"></p>
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<p>NCEI-ITIC global and regional posters are electronically available.&nbsp;Click to download:</p>
Global:&nbsp;
<ul style="list-style-type: circle;">
<li style="padding-left: 4em;"><a href="images/stories/awareness_and_education/map_posters/2016_tsu_poster_20170607_a2_final_low_res.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Global Tsunami Sources - double-sided poster">Tsunami Sources</a></li>
<li style="padding-left: 4em;"><a href="images/stories/awareness_and_education/map_posters/2016_eq_poster_20170607_a2_final_low_res.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Significant Earthquakes - double-sided poster">Significant Earthquakes</a>&nbsp;</li>
<li style="padding-left: 4em;"><a href="images/stories/awareness_and_education/map_posters/2016_vol_poster_20170505_a2_final_low_res.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Volcanic Eruptions - double-sided poster">Volcanic Eruptions</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;</li>
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Regional historical tsunami effects:&nbsp;<br>
<ul style="list-style-type: circle;">
<li>Caribbean, Central America, Mexico, and Adjacent Regions&nbsp;(<a href="images/stories/awareness_and_education/map_posters/2016_vol_poster_20170505_a2_final_low_res.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="CCAMAR - English">English</a>,&nbsp;<a href="images/stories/awareness_and_education/map_posters/CCAMAR_landscapeA1_20170505_esp_low.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="CCAMAR - Spanish">Spanish</a>)</li>
<li><a href="images/stories/awareness_and_education/map_posters/ASSTPoster_20170607_24x36_low.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="ASST">American Samoa / Samoa / Tonga</a></li>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><strong style="color: #ffffff;"><span style="font-size: 10pt;">APRIL IS TSUNAMI AWARENESS MONTH IN HAWAI<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>I, 2017</span></strong></span></strong></span>&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
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<p><span style="color: #323333;"><span style="color: #323333;">Click for&nbsp;</span><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1347&amp;Itemid=2696">Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i Tsunami Information</a></span><br>Click to view <span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/itic_tsunamis/albums/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii Historical Tsunami Photos">Hawai</a><a href="http://www.librarieshawaii.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii State Public Library System"><span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span></a><a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/itic_tsunamis/albums/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii Historical Tsunami Photos">i Historical Tsunami Photos<br></a></span></span>Click to <span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1990:submit-oahu-tsunami-photos&amp;catid=2252:hawaii-historical-tsunami-photos&amp;Itemid=2696" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Submit Historical Photos">Submit Historical Tsunami Photos</a></span><br>Click for&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/US.NOAA.ITIC.gov" style="text-decoration: underline;">ITIC's Facebook</a>&nbsp;on Hawaii Tsunami Awareness Month 2017&nbsp;</p>
<p><span><strong style="color: #0000ff;">NEWS:&nbsp; April 26, 2017 &nbsp;&nbsp;</strong><span style="color: #000000;">(download <a href="images/stories/media_resources/hawaii_information/Tsunami_Photos/Oahu/Oahu%20Historical%20Tsunami%20Photo%20Project%20Press%20Release%20FINAL.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Press Release Oahu Historical Tsunami Photos Project">Press Release</a>)</span></span></p>
<p><img src="images/stories/media_resources/hawaii_information/Tsunami_Photos/Oahu/OahuTsuPhotoProj_logos.png" alt="OahuTsuPhotoProj logos" style="margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" width="240" height="54">Today, the <a href="http://www.honolulu.gov/dem" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Honolulu DEM">Honolulu Department of Emergency Management</a> (DEM), NOAA's International Tsunami Information Center (ITIC) and the <a href="http://www.librarieshawaii.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii State Public Library System">Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i State Public Library System</a> (HSPLS) announced that they will be partnering to identify, preserve and archive historic images and personal stories of the effects of tsunami events on O<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>ahu, Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i.</p>
<p><a href="images/stories/media_resources/hawaii_information/Tsunami_Photos/Oahu/Oahu_TsunamiPhotos_flyer5.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Oahu Historical Tsunami Photo Project flyer"><img src="images/stories/media_resources/hawaii_information/Tsunami_Photos/Oahu/Oahu_TsunamiPhotos_flyer5.jpg" alt="Oahu TsunamiPhotos flyer5" style="margin: 5px 20px 10px 15px; border: 1px solid #000000; float: left;" width="190" height="245"></a>The <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1989&amp;Itemid=2768" target="_self" title="Oahu Historical Tsunami Photos Project">O'ahu Historical Tsunami Photo Project</a> will reach out to residents and ask their assistance by providing family photographs and background information that may be in their possession that contain images of tsunami waves, damage or effects of tsunami impacts on the island.</p>
<p>There are many tsunami images held within the collections at the <a href="http://www.bishopmuseum.org/collections-3/library-and-archives/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" style="font-size: 11.520000457763672px; text-align: justify;" title="Bishop Museum Library and Archives">Bishop Museum</a>, <a href="http://ags.hawaii.gov/archives/about-us/photograph-collection/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" style="font-size: 11.520000457763672px; text-align: justify;" title="Hawaii State Archives - Photograph Collection">Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i State Archives</a>, The <a href="http://tsunami.org/5archives/06_archivespics.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" style="font-size: 11.520000457763672px; text-align: justify;" title="Pacific Tsunami Museum, Tsunami Images">Pacific Tsunami Museum</a> in Hilo and within NOAA Tsunami database&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">(<a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/itic_tsunamis/albums/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii Historical Tsunami Photos">Hawai</a><a href="http://www.librarieshawaii.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii State Public Library System"><span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span></a><a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/itic_tsunamis/albums/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii Historical Tsunami Photos">i Historical Tsunami Photos</a>)<a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/itic_tsunamis/albums/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii Tsunami Photos"><img src="images/stories/media_resources/hawaii_information/Tsunami_Photos/HawaiiHistoricalPhotos_screenshot.png" alt="HawaiiHistoricalPhotos screenshot" style="margin: 15px; float: right;" width="205" height="121"></a></span></p>
<p>Now, we are additionally looking to archive &nbsp;images that may be in grandma’s photo album, or on a wall in a living room - those images and their personal stories are an important, but perishable, part of Hawaii's tsunami history and heritage.</p>
<p>Residents willing to share images of historical interest are asked to bring them to a participating library, where DEM and ITIC staff will scan and catalogue the images.</p>
<p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Liliha Public Library<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Thursday, April, 27, 2017<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp;12 p.m. to 4 p.m.<br><span style="line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; ‘Āina Haina</span> Public Library<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;Friday, May 12, 2017<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;12 p.m. to 4 p.m.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Wai‘anae Public Library<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Thursday, May 25, 2017<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;12 p.m. to 4 p.m.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Wahiaw<span style="line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;">ā</span> Public Library<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;Friday, May 26, 2017<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;12 p.m. to 4 p.m.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Kahuku Public School and Library<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp;Tuesday, June 20, 2017<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;3 p.m. to 7 p.m.</p>
<p>The Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i State Public Library System is an important information resource for communities, and this effort will serve to collect and make available these critical pieces of Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i history through the library system so they’re not lost. &nbsp;Each of the participating libraries will also have additional tsunami public education materials available, and the collected photos and information will be available through the library system.<br>Photos can also be submitted online. Click to&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1990:submit-oahu-tsunami-photos&amp;catid=2252:hawaii-historical-tsunami-photos&amp;Itemid=2696" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Submit Historical Photos">Submit Historical Tsunami Photos</a></span></p>
<p><img src="images/stories/media_resources/hawaii_information/Tsunami_Photos/Oahu/Oahu1946_AlaWaiWindward_3.png" alt="Oahu1946 AlaWaiWindward 3" style="display: block; margin: 10px auto 0px;" width="560" height="135"><span style="color: #808080;"><em style="color: #000000; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 8pt;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 1946 Aleutian Islands tsunami, Kawailoa, Ala Wai Canal, O'ahu, Hawai'i State Archives</span></em></span><br><strong style="color: #0000ff; font-size: 16px;"><br></strong></p>
<p><span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong>HAWAI<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>I HISTORICAL TSUNAMIS</strong></span></p>
<p>Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i is one of the most unique locations in the world for studying tsunami effects.&nbsp; Not only are there large local&nbsp;tsunami sources, but Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i is also in the crosshairs of distant tsunamis generated along the Pacific Ring of Fire,&nbsp;<a href="images/stories/media_resources/factsheets/hawaii_maxrunup_1900-2016.jpg" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" style="text-decoration: underline;" title="Hawaii Max Runups"><img src="images/stories/media_resources/factsheets/hawaii_maxrunup_1900-2016.jpg" alt="hawaii maxrunup 1900 2016" style="margin: 10px; float: right;" width="300" height="191"></a>notably from South America (19%), Kamchatka and Kuril Islands (16%), West Coast of North and Central America<a href="images/stories/media_resources/factsheets/hawaii_maxrunup_1900-2016.jpg" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" style="text-decoration: underline;" title="Hawaii Max Runups"><br></a>&nbsp;(13%), Alaska and Aleutian Islands (13%), and South Pacific Islands and New Zealand (12%).<a href="images/stories/media_resources/factsheets/hawaii_maxrunup_1900-2016.jpg" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" style="text-decoration: underline;" title="Hawaii Max Runups"><br></a>&nbsp;</p>
<p>The earliest historical account of a Hawaii tsunami was from a 16th century Hawaiian chant that described a huge wave that struck the coast of Moloka<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i.&nbsp; The earliest confirmed tsunami was on Dec 21, 1812, when a wave from Southern California was observed at Ho<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>okena on the west coast of the Big Island (Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i island). Maximum runups in excess of 15 m were measured for the 1946 and 1957 distant tsunamis and the 1975 local tsunami.</p>
<p>Since 1812, there have been 135 confirmed tsunamis. &nbsp;Nine tsunamis caused 294 deaths and damage totaling over USD $600 million (2016 dollars), with 88% of the fatalities on Hawai<span style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 11.520000457763672px;">‘</span>i island (60% in Hilo). 245 of the 294 deaths were from distant tsunami sources.</p>
<p><img src="images/stories/media_resources/factsheets/HIHistoricalTsunamiEffects_1812-2015.jpg" alt="HIHistoricalTsunamiEffects 1812 2015" style="margin: 20px auto 0px; display: block;" width="500" height="334"></p>
<p><span style="color: #323333;">Download the <a href="images/stories/hawaii_information/hawaii_tsunamis/HIHistoricalTsunamiEffects_1812-2015.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii Historical Tsunami Effects (1812 to 2015)">Hawaii Historical Tsunami Effects (1812 to 2015)</a> poster.<br><br></span></p>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><strong style="color: #ffffff;"><span style="font-size: 10pt;">ICG/PTWS-XXVII, 27-31 MARCH 2017<br></span></strong></span></strong></span></td>
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<p>The Twenty-seventh Session of the <a href="http://ioc-tsunami.org/index.php?option=com_oe&amp;task=viewEventRecord&amp;eventID=1953" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="ICG/PTWS-XXVII documents">Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (ICG/PTWS-XXVII)</a> took place from 27-31 March 2017 in Tahiti, French Polynesia,<img src="images/stories/ptws/ptws_sessions/PTWS-XXVII/PTWS-XXVII_Group_IMG_0740.jpg" alt="PTWS XXVII Group IMG 0740" style="margin-bottom: 5px; margin-left: 10px; margin-top: 10px; float: right;" width="400" height="190"> <br>hosted by&nbsp;France and locally by the&nbsp;“Centre Polynésien de Prévention des Tsunamis” (CPPT visited on 30 March).&nbsp;66 partipants from 23 countries attended. &nbsp;The ICG/PTWS was preceded by an <a href="http://ioc-tsunami.org/index.php?option=com_oe&amp;task=viewEventRecord&amp;eventID=1983" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="PTWS-XXVII Intl Tsunami Symposium">International Tsunami Symposium “Recent tsunamis in the Pacific (2009-2016) - Improving tsunami response,”</a> comprised of a science session on forecast and observations of the recent Pacific tsunami (2007-2016), and a disaster management session on improving tsunami response. &nbsp;The ICG took actions&nbsp;to finalize the new PTWS Tsunami Evacuation Maps, Plans and Procedures (TEMPP) training course for worldwide availability, pilot the international Tsunami Ready program in&nbsp;the PTWS using the 2015 guidelines approved by the ICG/CARIBE-EWS, conduct the next Exercise Pacific Wave 2019 between September and November to align with the UN’s Disaster Reduction Day (October 13) and World Tsunami Awareness Day (November 5),&nbsp;</p>
<p><img src="images/stories/ptws/ptws_sessions/PTWS-XXVII/PTWS-XXVII_Opening_IMG_0677.jpg" alt="PTWS XXVII Opening IMG 0677" style="margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 0px; float: left;" width="400" height="165">establish competencies and guidelines for national tsunami warning center staffing and guidance for responding to local tsunamis, develop an optimized detection strategy considering newly available sensor networks and analysis techniques, and review the PTWS Tsunami Service Model taking into account the planned new sub-regional Tsunami Service Providers (South China Sea Tsunami Advisory Center, Central America Tsunami Advisory Center).&nbsp; <br>The Group welcomed <img src="images/stories/ptws/ptws_sessions/PTWS-XXVII/PTWS-XXVII_CPPTvisit_DSC01186.jpg" alt="PTWS XXVII CPPTvisit DSC01186" style="margin: 10px 15px 0px 10px; float: right;" width="270" height="150">the establishment of the Oceania Regional Seismic Network (ORSNET) under the leadership of France and Vanuatu, endorsed the Northwest Pacific Tsunami Advisory Center’s plan to begin issuing in experimental mode its new enhanced products in 2018, and approved the <span style="font-size: 12.8px; line-height: normal; font-family: Verdana;">nd approved the </span>ICG PTWS Framework for Goals and Performance Monitoring of Tsunami Warning &amp; Mitigation Systems for use in performance monitoring for the next intercessional period.<span style="font-size: 12.8px; line-height: normal; font-family: Verdana;"> ICG PTWS Framework for Goals and Performance Monitoring of Tsunami Warning &amp; Mitigation Systems for use in performance monitoring for the next intersessional <span style="font-size: 12.8px; line-height: normal; font-family: Arial;">period.</span>&nbsp;</span>&nbsp;Samoa’s Filomena Nelson was re-elected Chair, with Satoshi Harada (Japan) and Wilfried Strauch (Nicaragua) newly elected as Vice Chairs.&nbsp; The XXVIII session of the ICG/PTWS will be hosted by Nicaragua in 2019.</p>
<p><img src="images/stories/ptws/ptws_sessions/PTWS-XXVII/PTWS-XXVII_ReymondSchindele_IMG_0824.jpg" alt="PTWS XXVII ReymondSchindele IMG 0824" style="margin-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 15px; margin-left: 30px; font-family: Verdana; float: left;" width="258" height="170"></p>
<p><img src="images/stories/ptws/ptws_sessions/PTWS-XXVII/PTWS-XXVII_Chair_IMG_0842.jpg" alt="PTWS XXVII Chair IMG 0842" style="margin-right: 30px; margin-bottom: 15px; margin-left: 10px; float: right;" width="252" height="170"></p>
<p><em style="color: #000000; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 8pt;">Left: &nbsp;France delegation (Jerome Aucan, New Caledonia, Dominique Reymond, CPPT, Francois Schindele, France). &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Right: NZ Ken Gledhill (former PTWS Chair), Bernardo Aliaga (PTWS Technical Secretary), Samoa Filomena Nelson (PTWS Chair), Laura Kong (ITIC)</span></em></p>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><strong style="color: #ffffff;"><span style="font-size: 10pt;">TEMPP PROCESS BUILDS TSUNAMI READY COMMUNITY &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;CEDENO, HONDURAS IS FIRST PACIFIC COMMUNITY, 15-17 FEBRUARY 2017</span></strong></span></strong></span></td>
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<p><img src="images/stories/TsunamiReady/Cedeno/EntrandoTsunami_Final.png" alt="EntrandoTsunami Final" style="margin-top: 10px; margin-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 5px; float: left;" width="230" height="231">On February 16, 2017 the community of <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cNDEddSMdGQ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Cedeno town">Cedeño</a> (population 4363), a popular tourist destination along the Pacific Coast of Honduras, was recognized as <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2235&amp;Itemid=2759" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Cede no Tsunami Ready">Tsunami Ready</a> by the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.&nbsp; It is the first community in Honduras, Central America, and in the Pacific to receive the designation. &nbsp;The <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2234&amp;Itemid=2758" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="UNESCO IOC Tsunami Ready">UNESCO IOC Pacific Tsunami Ready program</a> is being piloted by ITIC in interested countries of UNESCO IOC's <a href="http://ioc-tsunami.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=11&amp;Itemid=12&amp;lang=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="IOC PTWS">Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System</a> (PTWS).&nbsp;</p>
<p style="text-align: justify;"><img src="images/stories/TsunamiReady/Cedeno/Cedeno-TR_cert_DSC00887.jpg" alt="Cedeno TR cert DSC00887" style="margin: 20px 0px 5px 20px; float: right;" width="230" height="158"><img src="images/stories/TsunamiReady/Cedeno/COPECO_NTWC_DSC00580.jpg" alt="COPECO NTWC DSC00580" style="margin: 10px 10px 5px 20px; float: left;" width="210" height="158"></p>
<div style="text-align: justify;">To achieve the<em> </em>recognition, Cedeño had to meet 10 guidelines covering hazard assessment, tsunami signage, evacuation mapping and planning, education and outreach, and 24 x 7 communications and response planning.&nbsp; The achievements were put into action through a community exercise that tested the end-to-end tsunami warning chain. &nbsp;</div>
<div style="text-align: justify;"><img src="images/stories/TsunamiReady/Cedeno/Cedeno-drill_school_DSC00718.jpg" alt="Cedeno drill school DSC00718" style="margin: 5px 5px 0px 20px; float: right;" width="200" height="147">On February 15, as part of the IOC's <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2222&amp;Itemid=2734" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="PacWave17 - Cedeno Facilitator">Exercise Pacific Wave 2017</a>, Honduras' National Tsunami Warning Center (<a href="http://copeco.gob.hn" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Honduras COPECO">COPECO</a>) tested its tsunami warning procedures after receiving a live earthquake message from the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. &nbsp;On February 16 in Cedeño, with the support of the Municipality of Marcovia and the National Disaster Organization (COPECO), the Local Emergency Management Organization (CODEL) conducted a <a href="https://www.facebook.com/copeco.hn/videos/1587769734585140/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="COPECO Cedeno Tsunami Drill">Tsunami Drill</a>, mobilizing 100s of people from schools, shops, local businesses, restaurants and homes to evacuate to two established Meeting Points. People with disabilities and the elderly also participated, demonstrating a good understanding of tsunami life protection measures. &nbsp;After the evacuation, volunteers led children in tsunami educational activities.</div>
<p style="text-align: center;"><img src="images/stories/TsunamiReady/Cedeno/Cedeno_TWcomic_DSC00811.jpg" alt="Cedeno TWcomic DSC00811" style="margin-top: 5px; margin-right: 60px; margin-bottom: 5px; float: right;" width="200" height="150"><img src="images/stories/TsunamiReady/Cedeno/Cedeno_Assembly_DSC00823.jpg" alt="Cedeno Assembly DSC00823" style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; margin-left: 60px; float: left;" width="230" height="148"><span style="color: #000000;"><em><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 8pt;"><em><span style="font-size: 8pt;"></span></em></span></em></span></p>
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<p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;<span style="color: #000000;"><em><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 8pt;"><em><span style="font-size: 8pt;">Cedeño Evacuation Assembly Area</span></em>. &nbsp;Schoolboys reading ITIC-IOC's Tsunami Warning! comic book.</span></em></span></p>
<p style="text-align: center;"><img src="images/stories/TsunamiReady/Cedeno/Cedeno_TR-comm_SubC_DSC00873.jpg" alt="Cedeno TR comm SubC DSC00873" style="margin: 5px auto 0px; display: block;" width="550" height="121"></p>
<p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: #000000;"><em><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 8pt;">COPECO Sub-commissioner Nelly Jerez speaking at Cedeño Cedeño Tsunami Ready ceremony</span></em></span></p>
<p style="text-align: justify;">The <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2234&amp;Itemid=2758" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Tsunami Ready">UNESCO-IOC Tsunami Ready</a> program is performance based community recognition program modeled after the US NOAA <a href="http://www.tsunamiready.noaa.gov/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="NWS TsunamiReady">National Weather Service’s successful TsunamiReady</a><span style="font-size: 9px; line-height: normal; font-family: Arial; color: #545454;"><a href="http://www.tsunamiready.noaa.gov/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="NWS TsunamiReady">®</a>&nbsp;</span>Program.&nbsp; In the Caribbean, <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2240&amp;Itemid=2764" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="St Kitts and Nevis">St. Kitts and Nevis</a> were recognized as Tsunami Ready by UNESCO in 2016. &nbsp;CTWP and ITIC are working together with the IOC to pilot the International Tsunami Ready guidelines in other regions. Currently, Tsunami Ready pilots are also underway in Haiti, Grenada, and Costa Rica, and in several other Latin American countries. In the Pacific, Mexico and Guatemala in Meso-America,&nbsp;<span style="font-family: Calibri; font-size: 14.666666984558105px; text-align: justify;">Ecuador in the South East Pacific, and&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri;">Samoa, Tonga and Vanuatu in the South West Pacific have indicated interest.</span></p>
<div style="text-align: center;"><img src="images/stories/TsunamiReady/Cedeno/Cedeno-TEMPP_IMG_3212.JPG" alt="Cedeno TEMPP IMG 3212" style="margin-top: 5px; display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;" width="450" height="246">&nbsp;&nbsp;<span style="color: #000000;"><em><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 8pt;">TEMPP 5 international participants. &nbsp;Besides Honduras,&nbsp;<em style="color: #000000; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 8pt;">Costa Rica, El Salvador,&nbsp;</span></em>Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama learned through TEMPP.</span></em></span></div>
<p style="text-align: justify;">The Tsunami Ready recognition also marked the culmination of the 1.5-year <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2166&amp;Itemid=2640" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="TEMPP">Tsunami Evacuation Mapping, Planning and Procedures (TEMPP)</a> Capacity Building Project for Honduras and Central America. &nbsp;The Project, led by the International Tsunami Information Center (NOAA/UNESCO ITIC) for the PTWS, with the support of NOAA’s Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program <img src="images/stories/TsunamiReady/Cedeno/Mapa_Evacuacion_Tsunami_Cedeo_7-FINAL.jpg" alt="Mapa Evacuacion Tsunami Cedeo 7 FINAL" style="margin: 10px 5px 5px; float: right;" width="170" height="263">(<a href="https://www.weather.gov/ctwp/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program">CTWP</a>) and the IOC, and funded by the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, piloted a new training course on how to create reliable and practical community-level tsunami evacuation maps.&nbsp; Through TEMPP, participants learned&nbsp;</p>
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<li style="padding-left: 30px;">How to <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1948&amp;Itemid=2680" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="TEMPP - Inundation Maps">create Inundation Maps</a> using credible tsunami <br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; scenarios</li>
<li style="padding-left: 30px;">How to create Evacuation Maps</li>
<li style="padding-left: 30px;">How to create Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response <br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Plans and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)</li>
<li style="padding-left: 30px;">How to conduct Community Tsunami Exercises, including <br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; evacuation drills. &nbsp;</li>
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<div style="text-align: left;">Visit&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/US.NOAA.ITIC.gov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="ITIC Facebook">ITIC's Facebook</a>&nbsp;for TEMPP and Cedeno tsunami evacuation drill photos and videos.</div>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">EXERCISE PACIFIC WAVE, 15-17 FEBRUARY 2017<br></span></strong></span></td>
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<div style="text-align: justify;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2222&amp;Itemid=2734" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="PacWave17 - Cedeno Facilitator">Exercise Pacific Wave 2017</a> (PacWave17) will be conducted 15-17 February 2017.&nbsp; The international exercise enables countries of the Pacific Tsunami Warning System to test their readiness for the next tsunami.&nbsp; The Pacific Regional Tsunami Service Providers (TSP), US Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (<a href="http://www.tsunami.gov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="US Tsunami Warning Centers">PTWC</a>) and Japan Northwest Pacific Tsunami Advisory Center (<a href="http://www.jma.go.jp/en/tsunami/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="JMA">NWPTAC</a>S), will initiate each scenario with a live message to test international to national communications.&nbsp; Thereafter, each country should simulate the receipt of the TSP message products.&nbsp; This will be the second product testing of the new NWPTAC enhanced products, planned for official implementation in 2018.&nbsp; <img src="images/stories/tsunami_exercises/international_exercises/pacwave15/PacWave15_NewCaledonia.jpg" alt="PacWave15 NewCaledonia" style="margin: 10px 10px 0px 0px; border: medium none #000000; float: left;" width="325" height="220"></div>
<div style="text-align: justify;">PacWave17 includes six scenarios, enabling every country to practice a distant or regional event that will impact their country. The exercise is recommended to be a table-top exercise, but countries may also choose to conduct drills down to the local level and include community evacuations. The South China Sea Tsunami Advisory Center (SCSTAC), which plans to start operations in late 2017 or 2018, will also test their proposed products. Visit <a href="https://www.facebook.com/US.NOAA.ITIC.gov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="ITIC Facebook">ITIC's Facebook</a> and the <a href="http://www.pacwave.info" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="PacWave17 web site">PacWave17 web site</a> for more information.</div>
<p><span style="color: #000000;"><em><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 8pt;"><span style="font-weight: 300;">Centre Opérationnel Gouvernemental de Nouvelle-Calédonie during PacWave15. (Credit: DSCGR, New Caledonia) </span></span></em></span></p>
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<p><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">WORLD TSUNAMI AWARENESS DAY - 05 NOVEMBER 2016&nbsp;</span></strong></span></p>
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<div style="text-align: justify;"><img src="images/stories/news/wtd_logo.png" alt="wtd logo" style="margin-bottom: 5px; margin-left: 5px; float: right;" width="370" height="181">Since 1975, there have been 42 deadly tsunamis, with nearly 70% in the Pacific and its marginal seas. Over history (1610 BC to AD 2016), there have been 1235 confirmed tsunamis, of which 249 have been deadly. 76% occurred in the Pacific Ocean and its marginal seas. 87% of the tsunamis were caused by earthquakes. Tsunamis are blind to politics and borders, wreaking havoc locally and also crossing ocean basins with deadly waves that can reach 40 m high and flood six km inland. &nbsp;90% of the casualties were caused by local tsunamis that attacked in minutes -- it is for these that Education, Awareness, and Preparedness for evacuation is the #1 priority. &nbsp;Tsunamis have no seasons and we don't know when the next <img src="images/stories/awareness_and_education/map_posters/FatalTsunamis_NGDC_ITIC_oct2016.jpg" alt="FatalTsunamis NGDC ITIC oct2016" style="margin-top: 18px; margin-right: 13px; margin-bottom: 8px; float: left;" width="333" height="252">big one will be, nor where it will occur. &nbsp;So, we must always be prepared ...<br>&nbsp;</div>
<div style="text-align: justify;">To continually sustain this &nbsp;awareness, the United Nations has designated November 5 as <a href="http://www.unisdr.org/2016/tsunamiday/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="World Tsunami Awareness Day">World Tsunami Awareness Day</a>. &nbsp;This year's theme is <em>effective education</em> and <em>evacuation drills</em> as the key preparedness activities that will save lives from tsunamis. The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) facilitates World Tsunami Awareness Day in collaboration with the United Nations system.&nbsp;</div>
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<p><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">APRIL IS TSUNAMI AWARENESS MONTH IN HAWAII, 2016</span></strong></span></p>
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<p><span style="font-size: 8pt;"> </span><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #ffffff; background-color: #ffffff;"><span style="color: #000000; &quot;<p style=&quot;text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 11.52px; line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;">Click for more <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1347&amp;Itemid=2696" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii Tsunami Resources">Hawaii information</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></p>
<p><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #ffffff; background-color: #ffffff;"><span style="color: #000000; &quot;<p style=&quot;text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 11.52px; line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;">Download <a href="images/stories/media_resources/factsheets/HIHistoricalTsunamiEffects_1812-2015_small.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii Historical Tsunami Effects (poster)">Hawaii Historical Tsunami Effects poster </a>(NCEI, ITIC).</span>&nbsp;</span> </span>7.&nbsp; <img src="images/stories/list_of_tsunamis/1946/1946-ScotchCap.jpg" alt="1946 ScotchCap" style="margin: 20px 15px 5px 10px; float: right;" width="360" height="143"></span></span></p>
<p><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;">This year is the 70th anniversary of the Mw8.6 <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1320&amp;Itemid=1320" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="1946">April 1, 1946</a> Aleutian Island earthquake and tsunami. Until then, no one in the US would have imagined that a U.S. Coast Guard lighthouse tens of meters above sea level could be completely destroyed by a tsunami. Yet this is exactly what happened on April Fool’s Day –&nbsp; tsunami waves surged to 42-meter elevation at Scotch Cap about 48 minutes after the earthquake. All five lighthouse crew members were killed. The earthquake, initially assigned a magnitude of 7.4, was also one of the first earthquakes to be identified as a “tsunami earthquake,” as it had an exceptionally slow rupture and hence lower high-frequency seismic amplitudes.</span></p>
<p><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;"><img src="images/stories/list_of_tsunamis/1946/1946_RIFTrunups.jpg" alt="1946 RIFTrunups" style="margin-top: 15px; margin-right: 15px; margin-bottom: 5px; float: left;" width="200" height="189">In the far-field, the tele-tsunami was observed across the Pacific basin, and was especially destructive in Hawaii, where 17-meter waves killed 158 people statewide. Six to seven waves every 15-20 minutes pounded Hilo town on the island of Hawaii, causing heavy damage (USD $26 million), and 96 deaths. <img src="images/stories/list_of_tsunamis/1946/1946Hilo_2.jpg" alt="1946Hilo 2" style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; margin-left: 15px; float: right;" width="240" height="147"></span></p>
<p><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;">To remember and sustain its readiness over time, Hawaii designated April as Tsunami Awareness Month in the 1990s.&nbsp; It continues today with tsunami partners at the federal, state, and local levels working together to ensure public preparedness.&nbsp; <br></span></p>
<p><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;">The devastating effects, and the fact that high-frequency ground shaking could not be used as a natural warning sign, led the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey to install an earthquake alarm system to notify the staff at any hour of the day. Tsunami travel time maps were completed to quickly determine Hawaii arrival times from Pacific sources.&nbsp; A communication plan was put into place for receiving seismic data from multiple Coast and Geodetic Observatories to locate the earthquake, and for receiving tsunami observations from tide station observers around the Pacific to confirm a tsunami. </span></p>
<p><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;"><img src="images/stories/media_resources/factsheets/TsunamiDeathsDamageHI_1812-2015.jpg" alt="TsunamiDeathsDamageHI 1812 2015" style="margin-bottom: 0px; margin-right: 8px; float: left;" width="450" height="321">The U.S. Seismic Sea Wave Warning System started on August 12, 1948 at the Honolulu Observatory. The system was able to determine a tsunami’s severity before it hit Hawaii, and therefore provide warnings, or cancel watches before actual evacuations had to take place. The SSWWS was in action soon after as <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1627:factsheets&amp;catid=1347&amp;Itemid=1347" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Hawaii Tsunami Facts">destructive tsunami hit the Hawaiian Islands</a> in <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1321&amp;Itemid=1321" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="1952">1952 </a>(Kamchatka), <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1322&amp;Itemid=1322" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="1957">1957 </a>(Andreanof Islands), <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1323&amp;Itemid=1323" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="1960">1960 </a>(Chile)<a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1323&amp;Itemid=1323" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="1960">,</a> and <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1324&amp;Itemid=1324" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="1964">1964 </a>(Prince William Sound).&nbsp; </span></p>
<p><span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;">In 1965, the International <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1153&amp;Itemid=1153" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="PTWS">Tsunami Warning System in the Pacific</a> (ITSU, now PTWS) was established in response to the M9.5 Chile earthquake, and the US offered to expand its tsunami services to include the Pacific.&nbsp; Today, the PTWC provides tsunami warnings for the state of Hawaii, as well as other US insular interests in the Pacific and Caribbean, and serves as a Tsunami Service Provider issuing timely international threat information to Pacific and Caribbean countries.</span></p>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">02 MARCH 2016, M7.8 SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA EARTHQUAKE&nbsp;</span></strong></span></td>
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<p><br><img src="images/stories/list_of_tsunamis/2016/2mar/2mar16_epicenter.png" alt="2mar16 epicenter" style="margin-bottom: 5px; margin-left: 5px; float: right;" width="188" height="180">The M7.8, shallow, Indian Ocean earthquake generated a small tsunami that was recorded on Indian Ocean coastal sea level gauges in Australia (Cocos, Christmas Islands), Indonesia (Tanahbala), Maldives (Gan, Male, Hanimadhoo), and Mauritius (Rodrigues Island). &nbsp;The maximum wave amplitude was 12 cm at Tanahbala.</p>
<p>The USGS reported the earthquake occurred at 12:49 UTC, 4.908 °S 94.275 °E, with a depth of 24.0 km (14.9 mi), roughly in the center of the Cocos Basin, and 600 km southwest of the Sunda-Java Trench off Sumatra, northern Indonesia. This intraplate earthquake had a strike-slip faulting mechanism, which rarely generates dangerous tsunamis (see PTWC RIFT forecast below). In contrast, shallow thrust faulting in subduction zones can cause destructive tsunamis, such as the M9.1 2004 Sumatra earthquake that generated 40-m tsunami runups locally, and propagated across the Indian Ocean killing 228,000 in 15 countries.</p>
<p><img src="images/stories/list_of_tsunamis/2016/2mar/201632SW%20Sumatra.jpg" alt="201632SW Sumatra" style="margin-bottom: 0px; margin-right: 5px; float: left;" width="300" height="449">Public exchange bulletins were issued by the UNESCO IOC Indian Ocean Tsunami Service Providers (TSP) in India (12:56 – 15:23 UTC, 3 bulletins), and Indonesia (13:19 – 15:53 UTC, 4 bulletins). TSP Exchange bulletins to IOTWMS National Tsunami Warning Centers (NTWC) were issued by Australia (13:06 – 16:57, 7 bulletins), India (12:55 – 15:17, 3 bulletins), and Indonesia (12:49 - 15:53, 4 bulletins).</p>
<p>In April 2013, Australia, India and Indonesia assumed responsibility as the official TSPs for the Indian Ocean. Interim services were provided by the PTWC and JMA from 2005-2013. The TSPs provide tsunami alerts directly to country NTWCs, and each country uses the advice to assess and issue warnings and advisories to their populations. Public bulletins are currently available from the India and Indonesia TSPs.</p>
<p>Indonesia’s National Tsunami Warning Center (BMKG InaTEWS) issued its first bulletin in less than 5 minutes, the second bulletin in less than 10 minutes, and the fourth bulletin (ending of its national tsunami warning) after about 2 hour 40 minutes. Based on television reports, the <em><span style="font-size: 8pt;"></span></em>UNESCO’s Indian Ocean Tsunami Information Center indicated that while there was confusion and panic in the community, it was better than in 2012. Some issues with the media television broadcast of the warning were noted, and are now being discussed with the National Commission for Broadcasters. Persons in Padang, West Sumatera, Mentawai Island, and Muko muko-Bengkulu evacuated, some self-evacuating, and many waiting for the local BMKG in Padang for clarification. Television reported some persons went to the beach to monitor the receding seawater. Unconfirmed reports indicate that a siren was triggered on Mentawai Island after people self-evacuated.</p>
<p><img src="images/stories/list_of_tsunamis/2016/2mar/2mar16_RIFT_actual.png" alt="2mar16 RIFT actual" style="margin-right: 5px; float: left;" width="280" height="305"><img src="images/stories/list_of_tsunamis/2016/2mar/2mar16_RIFT_thrust.png" alt="2mar16 RIFT thrust" style="margin-right: 5px; float: left;" width="280" height="304"><br style="clear: both;"><em><span style="font-size: 8pt;">PTWC RIFT model forecasts (deep-ocean tsunami wave amplitudes) showing the direction of greatest tsunami energy (reds and yellows). Depending on the mechanism, significantly different tsunami forecasts are computed. Left: Small waves are forecast, requiring no tsunami warning, using the actual 02 March 2016 W-phase CMT earthquake solution (strike-slip fault mechanism). Right: Large waves, requiring a tsunami warning, would be forecast if a thrust fault mechanism was assumed. (Credit: PTWC)</span></em></p>
<p>In 11 April 2012, two large (M8.6, M8.2) strike-slip earthquakes generated small Indian Ocean tsunamis reported in Indonesia, Australia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand, with measurements of up to 1.1 m in Indonesia 395 km west of the epicenter; the M8.6 earthquake was the largest strike-slip event ever recorded. The 2012 earthquakes occurred just north of the 02 March 2016 event.</p>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">5th ANNIVERSARY, 11 March 2016<br>GREAT EAST JAPAN EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI, 11 March 2011</span></strong></span></td>
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<p style="text-align: justify;"><img src="images/slideshow/Great%20East%20Japan%20Tsunami%202011_slideshow.jpg" alt="Great East Japan Tsunami 2011 slideshow" style="border: 1px solid #000000; margin-right: 15px; float: left;" width="268" height="106"></p>
<a href="https://vimeo.com/itic/japan_tsunami_2011" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="2001 Great East Japan - photo video">Photograph video</a><br><em><span style="font-size: 8pt;">(ITIC, Univ of Tokyo Ocean Alliance Prog)</span></em></div>
<p style="text-align: justify;">Today is the 5th anniversary of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. At 1446 Japan local time on <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2044&amp;Itemid=2365" style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 13.3333px; line-height: 17.28px; text-align: justify;" title="11 March 2011">11 March 2011</a>, a <a href="http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2011/usc0001xgp/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="USGS:  2011 March 11 05:46:24 UTC">M9.0 earthquake</a> occurred off the northeastern coast of Honshu, Japan, that generated a devasting tsunami. Total damage was estimated at USD $220 billion, making it the most expensive disaster in history. 

It was the largest magnitude earthquake ever in Japan and is the 4th largest in the world since 1900. In many coastal towns, waves flooded to at least the 3rd or 4th floor of buildings. Over 18000 persons lost their lives - nearly all from the relentless tsunami waves. The Japan Meteorological Agency issued its 1st tsunami warning in three minutes, updated it after 28 minutes, and continued its danger advisories for over 2 days.</p>
<div style="float: right;"><img src="images/stories/list_of_tsunamis/2011/11mar11_honshu/4_before_after_web.jpg" alt="4 before after web" style="margin-left: 10px; text-align: justify; float: right;" width="392" height="167">
<p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1949:2011-japan-tsunami-before-after-photos&amp;catid=2044:list-of-tsunamis-2011-tsunamis&amp;Itemid=2365">Before/After Photos of Ishinomaki, Miyagi&nbsp;</a></p>
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<p style="text-align: justify;">500,000 houses were completely or partial destroyed, and about 500,000 people displaced. 98% of the damage was due to the tsunami. 7,600 houses were destroyed by earthquake ground shaking and 19,000 damaged by liquefaction. After the earthquake, there were 345 fires in 12 prefectures. Infrastructure damage included 4,198 parts of roads, 116 bridges, and 29 parts of the railway. The earthquake and tsunami also caused a nuclear disaster in Fukushima with an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) rating of 7 that included equipment failures, explosions.</p>
<div style="float: left;"><img src="images/stories/list_of_tsunamis/2011/11mar11_honshu/MinamiSanriku_EvacSign_KongITIC_dsc03699_1000x1240.jpg" alt="MinamiSanriku EvacSign KongITIC dsc03699 1000x1240" style="border: 1px solid #000000; margin-top: 5px; margin-right: 15px; margin-bottom: 5px; float: left;" width="160" height="198"><br>Tsunami Evacuation<br>Shelter, Minamisanriku</div>
<p style="text-align: justify;">The tsunami was observed throughout the <a href="images/stories/ttt_japan2011.jpg" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="11 March 2011 tsunami observations">Pacific</a>, and in <a href="images/stories/ngdc_japan_nearfield_march28.png" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="11 March 2011 Japan tsunami observations">Japan</a>, at over 60 Japanese tide stations as well as a dozen ocean bottom pressure gauges, and another dozen GPS wave gauges. The tsunami was first observed along the Sanriku coast about 30 minutes after the earthquake and at the Sendai plain about 30 minutes later. The maximum wave height of 38.9 meters was determined from <a href="http://www.coastal.jp/tsunami2011/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="2011 Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami Joint Survey (TTJS) Group">Japanese field surveys</a> by a team of approximately 300 researchers that documented tsunami impacts along a 2,000 kilometer stretch of Japan’s Pacific coast that inundated 561 km2 of land. On the Sendai Plain, the maximum water level height was 19.5 meters. &nbsp;The tsunami flooded more than 5 kilometers inland from the coast, and as much as 15 km inland at rivers. 

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<p style="text-align: justify;">The 2011 Great East Japan earthquake generated a great tsunami that went far beyond any of the pre-disaster &nbsp; &nbsp;expectations. This earthquake and tsunami, along with the <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1246&amp;Itemid=1246" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami">2004 Sumatra earthquake and tsunami</a> in the Indian Ocean, has since caused scientists and policy-makers all over the world to reconsider their earthquake and tsunami hazard assumptions and preparedness measures.<br>For more information of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, click <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1713:11-march-2011-mw-90-near-the-east-coast-of-honshu-japan-tsunami&amp;catid=2044&amp;Itemid=2372" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="11 March 2011">HERE</a></p>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">EXERCISE PACIFIC WAVE 2016, 1-5 February 2016</span></strong></span></td>
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<p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"></span><br><span style="font-size: 11.52px; line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="images/stories/tsunami_exercises/international_exercises/pacwave16/NWPTA_NanseiShoto_02_03_DeepOceanMap_thumbnail.jpg" alt="NWPTA NanseiShoto 02 03 DeepOceanMap thumbnail" style="margin: 0px 15px 5px 30px; border: 1px solid #000000; float: left;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2168&amp;Itemid=2642" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="PacWave16">PacWave16</a>&nbsp;is the 6th ICG/PTWS International Tsunami Exercise to be conducted in the Pacific since the inaugural 2006 basin-wide exercise. &nbsp;The exercise will be conducted from 1-5 February 2016 as a regional exercise for the sixteen countries that receive tsunami products from Japan's Northwest Pacific Tsunami Advisory Center's &nbsp;(NWPTAC). &nbsp;The exercise will introduce and seek feedback on the enhanced text and graphical forecast products of the NWPTAC. Official implementation is expected in 2018, and follows from the 2014 implementation of enhanced graphical forecast products by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC). &nbsp;Six scenarios are available to allow countries to select a destructive distant or regional source. </span></span></span></span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"></span></span></span></span></span></span></p>
<p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 11.52px; line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;"><span style="color: #000000; font-size: 11px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; text-align: justify; widows: 1;">Visit the&nbsp;</span><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2168&amp;Itemid=2642" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" style="font-size: 11px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; text-align: justify; widows: 1;" title="PacWave16">PacWave16</a><span style="color: #000000; font-size: 11px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; text-align: justify; widows: 1;">&nbsp;web site for more info.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span>&nbsp;</p>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">16 SEPTEMBER 2015, M8.3 CHILE EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI&nbsp;</span></strong></span></td>
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<p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 11.52px; line-height: 17.28px; widows: 1;">The 16 September 2015 magnitude 8.3 Mw Northern Chile earthquake (31.570°S, 71.654°W, depth 25 km) occurred at 2254:33 UTC and generated a tsunami that was observed all over the Pacific region and caused damage locally. &nbsp;According to news reports, more than 1 million persons immediately evacuated in Chile. &nbsp;The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) issued its 1st advisory information at 2300 UTC, and continued issuing threat information messages for the next 24 hours with the Final message issued at 2305 UTC on September 17. &nbsp;A 4.75 m high tsunami wave was measured on the Coquimbo, Chile sea level gauge, and 1-2 m high waves were measured elsewhere in Chile.</span></p>
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<p><span style="color: #000000; font-size: 11px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; widows: 1;">In October 2014, the PTWC implemented new enhanced tsunami products for the Pacific.&nbsp;</span><span style="color: #000000; font-size: 11px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; widows: 1;">The real-time forecasts are available ~30 min after the earthquake. &nbsp;</span><span style="color: #000000; font-size: 11px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; widows: 1;">The suite of alert guidance now includes tsunami wave height forecasts in both text and graphical formats. &nbsp;The JMA Northwest Pacific Advisory Center plans to update its products in 2018.</span></p>
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<p>&nbsp;<span style="color: #000000; font-size: 11px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; text-align: justify; widows: 1;">Visit the&nbsp;</span><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1946:16-september-2015-utc-mw-8-3-northern-chile-tsunami&amp;catid=2164&amp;Itemid=2616" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" style="font-size: 11px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; text-align: justify; widows: 1;" title="16 Sep 2015 M8.3 Event Page">EVENT PAGE</a><span style="color: #000000; font-size: 11px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; text-align: justify; widows: 1;">&nbsp;for more info.</span></p>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">PTWS 50th Book</span></strong></span></td>
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<p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp; <img src="images/stories/awareness_and_education/ptws_50th_book/PTWS_50th_book_cover_thumbnail.jpg" alt="PTWS 50th book cover thumbnail" style="border: 1px solid #000000; margin: 10px 10px 5px 0px; float: left;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri;"></span><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri;">To continue to sustain awareness on the dangers of tsunamis, and to educate the public on how the Pacific Tsunami Warning System works to alert the public of an approaching tsunami, the ITIC and NGDC, with support from the US Tsunami Program, has published a book to document the “Pacific Tsunami Warning System (1965-2015): A Half-Century of Protecting the Pacific. &nbsp;</span>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>
<p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp; The book&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri;">includes reflections from involved participants and countries, important tsunamis and events, a history of warning evolution, and a chronicle of scientific and technological development and innovation supporting warning and response, provides a foundation of activities and accomplishments upon which to build for the future. &nbsp;The compilations contained can serve as both a reminder of past successes, and a roadmap for the challenges ahead.</span></p>
<p><span style="font-size: 12.8000001907349px; line-height: 15.3599996566772px;">Click <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1941:ptws-50th-book&amp;catid=1075&amp;Itemid=1075">HERE</a> for more info</span></p>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">Tsunami Warning!&nbsp; video<br></span></strong></span></strong></span></td>
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<p style="text-align: justify;"><img src="images/stories/news/Tsunami_warning_screenshot.jpg" alt="Tsunami warning screenshot" style="margin: 10px; border: 1px solid #000000; float: right;" width="200" height="112">To sustain awareness on the dangers of tsunamis, and to educate the public on how the PTWS works to disseminate alerts on approaching tsunami, the ITIC, in cooperation with Chile, produced this 6-minute outreach video. The aim of the video is to strengthen public and stakeholder agency knowledge of, and confidence in, tsunami alerts that save lives and reduce property damage.</p>
<p><span style="font-size: 12.8px; line-height: 15.36px;">Click <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1942:ptws-tsunami-warning-video&amp;catid=1075:awareness-a-education&amp;Itemid=2634" style="font-size: 12.8px; line-height: 15.36px;">HERE</a></span><span style="font-size: 12.8px; line-height: 15.36px;">&nbsp;for more info</span></p>
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<td><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">50 years of Tsunami Warning in the Pacific (1965-2015) - 20-24 April 2015</span> </strong> </span> </strong> </span></td>
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<p style="text-align: justify;"><img src="images/stories/ptws/ptws_sessions/PTWS-XXVI/PTWS50logo_130pixels.gif" alt="PTWS50logo 130pixels" style="margin: 20px 30px 10px 10px; float: right;">2015 marks 50 years since the establishment of the International Tsunami Warning System in the Pacific, in response to the <a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=1323&amp;Itemid=1323" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="1960 Chile">1960 M9.5 Chile </a>earthquake and tsunami that killed 100s, without warning, across the Pacific. &nbsp;The System has evolved and been built up over the decades with contributions from countries and organizations under the framework of the IOC of UNESCO.&nbsp; Working together, today's System provides timely tsunami forecasts to all countries of the Pacific and its marginal seas. &nbsp;In April, Hawaii and the USA hosted 2 events to both recognize past achievements and forge new priorities for continually improving mitigation and promoting community resiliency to tsunamis.&nbsp; The IOC, IUGG, and US sponsored the&nbsp;<a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1911:international-tsunami-symposium&amp;catid=2153:its&amp;Itemid=2596" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Making the Pacific Ready for the Next Tsunami">International Symposium "Making the Pacific Ready for the Next Tsunami"</a>&nbsp;on 20-21 April 2015 at the new NOAA Inouye Regional Center on Ford Island, Oahu, and this was followed by the <a href="http://www.ioc-tsunami.org/index.php?option=com_oe&amp;task=viewEventRecord&amp;eventID=1598" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="PTWS-XXVI">26th Session of the Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System</a> (ICG/PTWS) on 22-24 April 2015 in Waikiki, Oahu, Hawaii.&nbsp;&nbsp; For more information, visit <span style="color: #0000ff;"><span style="color: #0000ff;"><a href="http://www.ptws50.info">www.ptws50.info<br></a></span></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #ffffff;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt;">Recent events, in brief:</span>&nbsp;</strong></span></strong></span></p>
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	<div class="featureddoc"><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;id=2234&amp;Itemid=2758"><img src="images/stories/featuredresources/TR-I-3_small.png" alt="TR I 3" width="165" height="125"></a><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br>Tsunami Ready - International <br>Preparing communities to be <br>ready for the next tsunami</div>
<div class="featureddoc"><hr><a href="http://iotic.ioc-unesco.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="IOTIC"><img src="images/stories/featuredresources/New%20Logo%20IOTIC%20only%20300DPI_200x200.png" alt="New Logo IOTIC only 300DPI 200x200" width="125" height="130"><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br>Indian Ocean Tsunami Information Centre</a><br><br>A regional resource.</div>
<div class="featureddoc"><a href="http://neamtic.ioc-unesco.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="NEAMTIC"><br><img src="images/stories/featuredresources/neamtic.jpg" alt="neamtic" border="0" width="98" height="18"><br><br><br>North-Eastern Atlantic &amp; Mediterranean Tsunami Information Centre</a><br><br>A regional resource.</div>
<div class="featureddoc"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1676" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="CRID Spanish database"><img src="images/stories/banner_materiales_educativos.jpg" alt="banner materiales educativos" border="0" width="139" height="24"></a><span style="color: #000000;"><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1676" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="CRID Spanish database"><br>Regional Disaster Information Center (Latin America &amp; the Caribbean)</a></span><br><br>A database of Spanish language materials focused on tsunami preparedness.</div>
<div class="featureddoc"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1327&amp;Itemid=2406&amp;lang=en"><img src="images/docs/tsunami_awareness_poster_08-04-11_thumbnail.jpg" alt="Tsunamis on the Move" style="border: 1px solid #000000;" border="0" width="105" height="82"></a><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1327&amp;Itemid=2406&amp;lang=en"><br><br><br></a><br><br><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1327&amp;Itemid=2406&amp;lang=en">Tsunami Awareness Poster</a><br>
<p><br>Awareness poster available in English, Chinese, French, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Singalese.</p>
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<div class="featureddoc"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1672&amp;catid=1075&amp;Itemid=1075"><img src="images/stories/tsu_poster_2010_thumbnail_12.6.10.jpg" alt="tsu_poster_2010_thumbnail_12.6.10" style="border: #000000 thin solid;" border="0" width="96" height="74"></a><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1672&amp;catid=1075&amp;Itemid=1075"><br><br><br><br><br><br>Global Hazard Maps</a><br>
<p><br>Posters of Tsunami Sources, Significant Earthquakes and Significant Volcanic Eruptions. Also Tsunami Sources Icosohedron Globe.</p>
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<div class="featureddoc"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1169&amp;Itemid=1137&amp;lang=en"><img src="images/stories/awareness_and_education/great_waves/great_waves_en_12_small_thumbnail.jpg" alt="great waves en 12 small thumbnail" style="border: thin solid #000000;" border="0" width="94" height="70"></a> <br><br><br><br><br><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1169&amp;Itemid=1137&amp;lang=en">Tsunami, The Great Waves</a><br><br>
<p>Available in English, Spanish, French and Chinese.</p>
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<div class="featureddoc"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1328&amp;Itemid=1142&amp;lang=en"><img src="images/stories/about_tsunamis/tsunami_glossary/tsunami_glossary_2013_thumbnail.jpg" alt="tsunami glossary 2013 thumbnail" style="border: thin solid #000000;" border="0" width="78" height="102"></a> <br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1328&amp;Itemid=1142&amp;lang=en"><br>Tsunami Glossary</a><br><br>
<p>Available in English, Arabic, Spanish, French and Bahasa.&nbsp;</p>
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<div class="featureddoc"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1333&amp;Itemid=2313"><img src="images/stories/awareness_and_education/surviving_a_tsunami/Thumbnail_surviving.png" alt="Thumbnail surviving" style="border: thin solid #000000;" width="88" height="68"></a><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1678&amp;Itemid=1075&amp;lang=en"><br><br><br><br><br></a><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1333&amp;Itemid=2313">Surviving a Tsunami - Lessons from Chile, Hawaii, and Japan<br><br></a>2014 version available in English.</div>
<div class="featureddoc"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1678&amp;Itemid=1075&amp;lang=en"><img src="images/stories/where_the_first_wave_arrives_in_minutes_thumbnail_12.06.10.jpg" alt="great_waves_en_feb09_thumbnail" style="border: #000000 thin solid;" border="0" width="96" height="68"></a><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1678&amp;Itemid=1075&amp;lang=en"><br><br><br><br><br></a><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1678&amp;Itemid=1075&amp;lang=en">Where the First Wave Arrives in Minutes<br><br></a>Available in English, Bahasa, Spanish and French.</div>
<div class="featureddoc"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1441&amp;Itemid=1075&amp;lang=en"><img src="images/stories/oldsite/upload/TT_insert_cover_thumbnail.jpg" alt="TT_insert_cover_thumbnail" style="border: #000000 thin solid;" border="0" width="63" height="96"></a> <br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=category&amp;layout=blog&amp;id=2102&amp;Itemid=2420&amp;lang=en">TsunamiTeacher</a><br><br>
<p>DVD copies for PC computers are available free of charge from the ITIC, Hawaii (<a href="mailto:itic.tsunami@noaa.gov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">itic.tsunami@noaa.gov</a>).</p>
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<div class="featureddoc"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1824&amp;Itemid=2416&amp;lang=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" title="Post-tsunami Survey"><img src="images/stories/news/dsc00149_thumbnail.jpg" alt="dsc00149 thumbnail" border="0" width="124" height="67"></a><br><br><br><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1824&amp;Itemid=2416&amp;lang=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><br><br>Post-Tsunami Survey: <br>El Salvador Summary Video<br></a><br>Learn the basics of a post-tsunami survey.</div>
<div class="featureddoc" style="text-align: left;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1755&amp;Itemid=2420&amp;lang=en" target="_self"><img src="images/stories/tsunami_basics_thumbnail.png" alt="tsunami_basics_thumbnail" style="border-color: #000000; border-style: solid;" border="0" width="96" height="67"></a><br><br><a href="index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=1755&amp;Itemid=2420&amp;lang=en" target="_self"><br><br><br><br><br>TsunamiTeacher USA<br>Tsunami Basics</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;<br><br><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUN_UTY0GNo&amp;feature=share&amp;list=PL3BDBAAAA7D4EB2DA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Also on YouTube </a><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUN_UTY0GNo&amp;feature=share&amp;list=PL3BDBAAAA7D4EB2DA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><img src="images/stories/youtube_logo.png" alt="youtube_logo" style="float: right;" border="0" width="43" height="16"></a><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUN_UTY0GNo&amp;feature=share&amp;list=PL3BDBAAAA7D4EB2DA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><br>(w/closed captioning)</a>&nbsp; <br><br>
<p>Learn the basics of tsunamis. Available in English and Samoan.</p>
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